He proposes new spending on education, infrastructure and small businesses, along with raising the national minimum wage to $15 an hour.
The Democratic presidential nominee would cover some but not all of the new costs by rolling back much of the 2017 GOP tax overhaul.
He wants a corporate income tax rate of 28 percent (lower than before but higher than now) and broad income and payroll tax hikes for individuals with more than $400,000 of annual taxable income.
All that would generate an estimated $4 trillion or more over 10 years.
The Democratic presidential nominee frames immigration as an economic matter as well.
He wants to expand legal immigration slots and offer a citizenship path for about 11 million residents who are in the country illegally but who, Biden notes, are already economic contributors as workers and consumers.
Trump vs Biden Policies 2020: Education
President Donald Trump has pushed for schools to fully reopen for in-person learning and announced that the federal government will begin distributing millions of rapid coronavirus tests to states.