JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – As the covid-19 pandemic wreaks havoc on many businesses in Indonesia, the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) sector surprisingly turns out otherwise.
The MSMEs remain important in their contributions to the country’s economic growth amid the global uncertainty due to a never-ending threat posed by the Covid-19.
The government said that the MSMEs have contributed 8,573.9 trillion rupiahs ($597 billion) or 61.07 percent to the gross domestic product (GDP), higher than large businesses which stood at 5,464.7 trillion ($382 billion).
Amid waves of layoffs, the MSME sector absorbed 117 million workers or 97 percent of the total workforce in the country.
In terms of target, the Ministry of Cooperatives and Small and Medium Enterprises has set a target of contributing 62.36 percent to the GDP in 2021 and 65 percent in 2024. Besides, the ministry will increase its MSME export from 14 percent in 2020 to 15.12 percent in 2021. The export target will increase even more to 21.60 percent by 2024.
Previously, the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) said that there are about 65 million MSMEs throughout Indonesia that can become effective avenues to produce various high-quality products to cater to the need of domestic and international markets.
MSMEs amid pandemic
When the pandemic first hit Indonesia last year, Kadin said that about 50 percent or equivalent to 30 million MSMEs was affected and forced to temporarily close their business activities.
The situation could even be tougher when the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) issued its research saying that if the pandemic persists, based on the financial aspect, 85.42 percent of the MSMEs could only run their activities for a year.