The 2019 protests were caused by the racist treatment of 43 Papuan university students in Surabaya, East Java by Indonesian police and the Pemuda Pancasila [PP] and Islamic Defenders Front or FPI, after the authorities charged the students with insulting the Indonesian flag.
The resulting unrest, which also brought about calls for a referendum on Papuan independence, broke out in cities and towns throughout the provinces of Papua and West Papua such as Jayapura, Sorong and Wamena, as well as other parts of Indonesia.
The protests left more than 30 killed, injured hundreds of others and damaged government facilities as well as other buildings.
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