The presence of Russia at the forum meant a consensus could not be reached for a communique, a source close to the meeting told AFP.
The "current energy crisis shows the urgency to accelerate the energy transition", the source added.
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Representatives from the United States, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Germany, India, South Africa, and the European Union were also present, according to a list seen by AFP.
The energy talks follow G20 environment discussions in Bali on Wednesday that also ended without a joint communique, reflecting divisions among member countries over how to tackle climate change.
Britain's climate minister Alok Sharma said governments should "revisit and strengthen" their commitments to achieving net zero emissions.
"There must not be any backsliding on commitments," he tweeted on Wednesday.
This week's talks are a prelude to a November leaders' summit that Indonesian President Joko Widodo has said Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin will attend despite Moscow's isolation.
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