JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – A leading Indonesian expert on international law has urged Indonesia to refrain from commenting on the military coup in Myanmar.
The advice comes as the country’s military forces overthrew Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi’s government and detained her.
“I call on the [Indonesian] government not to make any unnecessary statements on the [situation] in Myanmar, as the [military junta] might perceive it as meddling,” University of Indonesia International Law Professor Hikmahanto Juwana said on Monday, February 1.
“It is best for Indonesia to adopt a wait and see stance in observing the situation in Myanmar.”
Also read: Indonesia Weighs in on MIlitary Coup in Myanmar
Hikmahanto added that “the coup in Myanmar is entirely an internal matter. The ASEAN Charter’s Article 2, Paragraph 2 (e) specifically highlighted ‘non-interference in the internal affairs of ASEAN member states.’”
He acknowledged that since the coup is an unconstitutional takeover of power, questions will surface about the military’s legitimacy. “Recognition [of the military junta] does not have to be through a statement. Sometimes it is done through cooperation,” Himahanto added.
“So if ASEAN holds a summit and the junta represents Myanmar, then [the Association] recognized them as Myanmar’s new government.”
The Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs “expresses its concern over the recent political situation in Myanmar,” and called on the conflicting parties to adhere “to the rule of law, good governance, the principles of democracy and constitutional government.”
The ministry also urged “all parties…to exercise self-restraint and put forth dialogue in finding solutions to challenges.”
The deteriorating security situation in Myanmar also prompted the Ministry to issue an advisory to Indonesian nationals in Myanmar.
Myanmar’s military forces carried out the coup by detaining Aung San Suu Kyi, the country’s president Min Wyint and other civilian politicians from her National League of Democracy or NLD party, months after they won the country’s elections in November 2020 by a landslide.
The military charged that the race was marred by voter fraud. Aside from the coup, they also declared a state of emergency for a year.
The NLD was Myanmar’s first democratically elected government in over 50 years after it won the country’s elections by a landslide in 2015.
Suu Kyi’s government was undermined by its unwillingness or inability to prevent the military from persecuting Myanmar’s Rohingya minority in Rakhine state. The persecution triggered a humanitarian crisis, as the Rohingya fled Myanmar for Indonesia and other countries.
(Writer: Achmad Nasrudin Yahya | Editor : Bayu Galih)
Dapatkan update berita pilihan dan breaking news setiap hari dari Kompas.com. Mari bergabung di Grup Telegram "Kompas.com News Update", caranya klik link https://t.me/kompascomupdate, kemudian join. Anda harus install aplikasi Telegram terlebih dulu di ponsel.