JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – Indonesia has called on the conflicting parties in Myanmar to settle their differences peacefully, after its military overthrew the civilian government of Nobel Peace Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi and declared a state of emergency on Monday, February 1.
In its website, the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs “expresses its concern over the recent political situation in Myanmar.”
Jakarta also “calls for the observance of the principles of the ASEAN Charter, among other things, adherence to the rule of law, good governance, the principles of democracy and constitutional government.”
Noting that the coup was caused by tensions over legislative elections in November 2020, the ministry said “electoral differences be addressed in accordance with available legal mechanism.”
The ministry also called on “all parties…to exercise self-restraint and put forth dialogue in finding solutions to challenges.”
The deteriorating security situation in Myanmar also prompted the Ministry to issue an advisory to Indonesian nationals in Myanmar.
“[We urge] Indonesian nationals [in Myanmar] to remain calm and alert. We also call on them to be aware of the country’s security situation, and minimize non-essential activities outside the house.”
The Indonesian Embassy in Myanmar’s capital Yangon reported that the estimated 500 Indonesian nationals in the country who work in such sectors as oil and gas, manufacturing, the garment industry, and shipping, are all accounted for.
Myanmar’s military forces carried out the coup by detaining Aung San Suu Kyi, the country’s president Min Wyint and other civilian politicians from the National League of Democracy or NLD, months after the party won the country’s elections in November 2020 by a landslide.
The military charged that the race was marred by voter fraud. Aside from the coup, they also declared a state of emergency for a year.
The NLD was Myanmar’s first democratically elected government in over 50 years after it won the country’s elections by a landslide in 2015, a result that was hailed by Indonesia and the rest of the international community.
However, Suu Kyi’s government was undermined by its unwillingness or inability to prevent the military from persecuting Myanmar’s Rohingya minority in Rakhine state. The persecution caused a humanitarian crisis, as the Rohingya fled Myanmar for Indonesia and other countries.
(Writer: Deti Mega Purnamasari | Editor : Bayu Galih, Diamanty Meiliana)
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