In response, the Chinese government has retaliated saying that it would take unspecified “necessary measures” against the US government.
The latest US trade sanction has added even more pressure on Beijing over Xinjiang.
The ruling Communist Party is accused of mass detentions, forced labor, and other abuses against Muslim minorities.
Accusations of human rights abuse are one of the many stints that have caused tension in the US-China relationship.
Other conflicts in trade and technology have further soured bilateral relations causing a plunge to their lowest levels in decades.
The Trump administration also has imposed sanctions on four Chinese officials over the accusations.
Beijing responded by announcing unspecified penalties on four US senators who are critics of its human rights record.
The Department of Commerce said Monday the addition of the 11 companies to its Entity List will limit their access to US goods and technology. It gave no details of what goods might be affected.