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November 11, 2020, 04.30 AM

3. Indonesia Marks National Heroes Day by Naming 6 New National Heroes

President Joko ‘Jokowi’ Widodo has marked Indonesia’s 75th Heroes Day on November 10 by bestowing the title of National Hero to six historical Indonesian figures.

“[A characteristic] that defined these heroes is that they exist in every era [in Indonesian history]. They also welcomed the challenges of their time,” said Jokowi.

“I hope that Indonesians today can be inspired from their sacrifices and their fight in facing contemporary problems such as breaking the transmission of Covid-19, which plagued [Indonesia] over the past 8 months.”

The heroes included those who fought against foreign forces bent on establishing a foothold in Indonesia such as Sultan Baabullah, a 16th century Sultan from the Sultanate of Ternate in present-day North Maluku province.

Another is Machmud Singgirei Rumagesan, the king of the Segar region in the present-day Fakfak regency of West Papua, earned his title by fighting against the Dutch colonial government ahead of Indonesia’s annexation of the area in 1962.

Raden Mattaher Bin Pangeran Kusen bin Adi, a 19th century warlord from Jambi province who fought the Dutch from his accession in 1871 to his death in battle in 1907.

Others are more recent historical personages from Indonesia’s early years of independence. They include Police General Raden Said Soekanto Tjokrodiatmodjo, the first head of the Indonesian National Police, and Soekarno era Information Minister Arnold Mononutu from North Sulawesi. Amin Nasution, the first governor of North Sumatra Province from 1948 to 1953, capped off the list.

Indonesia designated November 10 as the country's Heroes Day as it marks the Battle of Surabaya, a confrontation between Indonesian independence fighters and British forces in 1945 that resulted in a strategic victory for the former.



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