SINGAPORE, KOMPAS.com – The coronavirus pandemic caused the Singapore population to shrink by 0.3 percent or 18,000 people as travel curbs and job losses pushed foreign workers out of the city-state.
The population decline happened for the first time since 2003 and the city-state is now home to 5.69 million people, according to an annual report on the Singapore population.
A sharp drop in foreigners, down 2 percent to 1.64 million, as well as a marginal fall in permanent residents, outweighed a modest rise in citizens, some of whom returned from overseas as the pandemic spread globally.
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"These trends were largely due to Covid-19 related challenges, brought about by weak demand and travel restrictions," the report said, citing job losses in services, a sector heavily reliant on low-paid foreign labour.
As the economy faces the deepest recession in its history — an economic decline officially estimated between 5 and 7 percent for the year — the government has been raising barriers for foreign hiring to preserve jobs for locals.
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But authorities in the low-tax corporate hub, home to the Asian headquarters of many multinational companies, have also warned that a populist turn could hurt business.
"We must be careful not to give the wrong impression that we are now closing up and no longer welcoming foreigners," Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said in a speech earlier this month, after an election in which opposition parties criticised the government's immigration policies as too slack.
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