JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com - Manpower Minister Ida Fauziyah issued Ministerial Regulation No. 4/2023 on Social Security for Indonesian Migrant Workers (PMI) to improve protection and services for them.
Ida said in a statement that the regulation included several additional social security benefits for workers involved in work-related accidents, compensation for death, or stopped working due to old age.
"The issuance of this manpower ministerial regulation shows the concern of the government [to provide social security] for the migrant workers that have the same [amount of] contributions but with increased benefits," she said.
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She pointed out that there was no increase in the amount of contribution for work accident insurance (JKK) and death compensation (JKM) programs.
In detail, the PMI will pay 37,500 rupiahs ($2.44) before starting their work. Meanwhile, the amount of the remaining contribution will be paid according to their working agreement period.
The migrant workers are required to pay 108,000 rupiahs ($7.04) if they have a six-month working agreement; 189,000 rupiahs ($12.31) for a 12-month working agreement; and 332,500 rupiahs ($21.66) for a 24-month working agreement.
If the term of the work agreement is more than 24 months, the workers have to pay 13,500 rupiahs ($0.88) per additional month.
"Likewise, the amount of JHT [pension insurance] contributions does not change. It is in accordance with the choice of each prospective PMI between 50,000 rupiahs ($3.26) to 600,000 rupiahs ($39.09)," the minister said.
According to the Manpower Ministerial Regulation No. 4/2023, the benefits of the social security program for PMI were increased to cover 21 work risks, from the previous 14 work risks included in the Manpower Ministerial Regulation No. 18/ 2018 on Social Security for PMI, she said.
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Benefits of the JKK program include health services; compensation funds; as well as mentoring and vocational training for PMI or PMI candidates, who suffer from partial anatomical and/or functional disabilities due to work-related accidents.
Meanwhile, benefits of the JKM program comprise death compensation; periodic compensation; funeral expenses; as well as educational or training scholarships.
In addition, new benefits of the social security programs are included in the Manpower Ministerial Regulation, such as financial assistance for prospective migrant workers or migrant workers who experience physical violence and/or were raped.
Furthermore, the government will provide reimbursement of ticket fees for PMI, who are placed not in accordance with the agreement; financial assistance to PMI dismissed unilaterally; and medical expenses assistance reaching a maximum of 50 million rupiahs ($3,257) for PMI, who experienced work accidents.
"Through the issuance of Manpower Ministerial Regulation No. 4/2023, which presents three employment security programs, namely JKK, JKM, and JHT, the PMI can get complete social security since before [working], during [employment], and until after [their working agreement ends]," Ida explained.
Source: State News AntaraDapatkan update berita pilihan dan breaking news setiap hari dari Kompas.com. Mari bergabung di Grup Telegram "Kompas.com News Update", caranya klik link https://t.me/kompascomupdate, kemudian join. Anda harus install aplikasi Telegram terlebih dulu di ponsel.