JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com –The Indonesian State Intelligence Agency or BIN has disclosed the vulnerability of the country's millennials to radical ideology. BIN official Wawan Hari Purwanto cited the findings of a recent survey by the National Counterterrorism Agency (BNPT).
“The BNPT survey found that 85 percent of [Indonesian] millennials are exposed to radical [ideologies] through social media,” said Wawan in a virtual discussion hosted Alumni Association of the National Indonesian Students Movement or GMNI on Tuesday.
“Social media is an incubator and an outlet to spread radicalism, particularly to young people. [The government] need to keep their focus on radical ideology as a threat to national security.”
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Wawan added that BIN focused on the issue of youth and radicalism, because they make up a ‘bonus demographic’, or substantial segment of the population, that is of working age.
He admitted that they could either contribute to economic growth on one hand, or undermine economic development.
Aside from radicalism, Wawan identified Papuan separatism, cyberattacks, the spread of hoaxes, and communal or sectarian conflicts as other threats to Indonesian national security.
“Papuan separatism can potentially lead to the country’s disintegration. Aside from undermining Indonesia’s credibility, separatist groups in Papua hamper the province’s development,” Wawan said.
“We are carrying out ongoing and comprehensive efforts to handle [the Papuan insurgency] without hampering development, so as to keep Papua from further lagging behind other provinces.”
Wawan views cyberthreats as an unavoidable part of development and technology.
“Cyberthreats [to Indonesia] is inevitable, as internet penetration of the population continues at a rapid pace. The Indonesian public’s awareness of cyberthreats also needs to be constantly raised,” he said.
Wawan also pointed out that BIN particularly focuses on the spread of hoaxes, especially when they are paired with long-running ethnic, racial and sectarian conflicts such as the ongoing conflict in Papua or tensions between Sunni and Shiite Muslims.
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“The danger from this security threat lies in the way that information could spread quickly and unchecked,” he reminded.
Wawan asserted that BIN also identified the Covid-19 pandemic as a potential national security threat that “threatens the public at large. The current Covid-19 surge threatens public safety and hampers economic growth,” he said.
Wawan added that the Covid-19 pandemic also devastated health facilities, hampers education, and increases unemployment.
(Writer: Achmad Nasrudin Yahya | Editor : Icha Rastika)
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