KOMPAS.com - Eid al-Fitr, or also known as Idul Fitri in Malay-speaking countries, is the festival that marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan and welcomes the arrival of Syawal month for Muslims. On the first day of Syawal, they will perform Eid prayers in the morning followed by feasting with family and friends.
Traditional meals and sweets to celebrate the festival will be served during their get-together events. In Indonesia, Eid meals usually include festive favorites such as semur (meat stew), chicken opor (chicken cooked in coconut milk), and ketupat (rice cakes).
Despite an overarching theme, food served on Eid is influenced by local customs and culture. Different countries have different Eid traditions for food. Below are 12 Eid food traditions from various countries in the world:
1. Maamoul - Middle East
This special recipe is usually prepared by the Middle Easterners in Syria and Lebanon on a special day. Maamoul is buttery cookies filled with dates, walnuts, or pistachios and are usually coated with powdered sugar.
Cookies similar to maamoul can also be found in Iraq, Sudan, and Egypt. The cake is called kleicha.
2. Cambaabur - Somalia
Cambaabur is Somalian bread that is similar to injera, an African bread but has different spices. In Somalia, Eid celebrations are considered incomplete without cambaabur. These delicious bread sprinkled with sugar and yogurt are served in almost every house in Somalia.
Apart from Somalia, the cambaabur recipe is also very popular in Djibouti, Africa.
3. Sheer khurma - South Asia
It is cooked with milk, sugar, toasted noodles, and dates. This dish can be added with pistachios, almonds, or raisins, depending on the country. Served both hot and cold, it is a must-have item on Eid day in every household.
4. Tajine - Morocco
Tajine is a slow-cooked stew made of several types of meat such as lamb or beef with vegetables or fruits, such as prunes and apricots. Tajine is often served in North African countries, such as Morocco and Algeria.
5. Doro Wat - Ethiopia
Doro wat is a delicious Ethiopian soup or curry cooked with chicken, and usually eaten with injera bread. Doro wat is usually served as a communal dish to let everyone enjoy a meal together.
6. Lokum - Turkey
Lokum is loosely translated into “Turkish delight”, which is a favorite food during Eid and holidays in Turkey. This gel-shaped dessert is made from a combination of starch, sugar, and other fillings such as dates, pistachios, and walnuts.
Lokum has a great taste and is one of the most beautiful Eid foods as it is made in various colors and textures.
7. Tufahija - Bosnia
Tufahija is often served in large glasses filled with syrup and topped with whipped cream.
8. Manti - Russia
On Eid al-Fitr, Muslims in Russia and Central Asia countries share manti or stuffed meat dumplings with each other. This dish originated in China and is usually filled with seasoned lamb or beef and served in different sizes and shapes depending on the region.
9. Bolani - Afghanistan
Bolani is one of the dishes that can be enjoyed during Ramadan and is still eaten during Eid and on other special occasions.
10. Lapis legit - Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore
Lapis legit is made of flour, butter, and eggs, and spices such as cardamom and cloves. There are different layers in this cake and each layer is made of broiled batter.
It is a time-consuming but flavorful dish to make and families start prepping for it at the end of the Holy Month. This cake is often seen as a delicacy to eat on special occasions, including Eid.
11. Beef rendang - Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore
This spicy main dish is a classic dish from the Malay countries. Rendang originated from Minangkabau in Indonesia which is made from beef, coconut milk, and long-cooked spices. This traditional dish is also well-known in Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, and the Philippines.
12. Spice cookies - the United States
In the States, most Muslims celebrate Eid by going out to eat at restaurants with friends and family. However, there is a new trend created by American Muslims, it is to make spice cookies, such as Christmas ginger cookies, using crescent-shaped cookie cutters and mosque cakes.
(Writer: Krisda Tiofani | Editor: Silvita Agmasari)
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