JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – Indonesia can expect to start Covid-19 vaccinations by November 2020 as the government is finalizing the purchase of vaccines from pharmaceutical companies CanSino Biologics, G42/Sinopharm and Sinovac.
In a press release issued on Monday, October 12, the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment said the vaccine quantities from the companies vary, depending on their production capacity and commitment to other buyers.
“CanSino said they can produce 100,000 single dose vaccines this November, followed by 15–20 million doses in 2021. G42/Sinopharm said they can produce 15 million [dual doses] of vaccines by the end of 2020, with 5 million doses prepared for November,” said the ministry.
“Sinovac pledged to deliver 3 million single dose vaccines by the end of December, followed by 15 million doses in bulk.”
The ministry added that the companies will step up their production in 2021. “Sinopharm and Sinovac will try to produce 50 million and 125 million dual doses of vaccines respectively, while CanSino will produce 20 million single doses of vaccines.”
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The three companies said testing for their vaccines are in the emergency use authorization or third and final stages in a number of countries, including China, Saudi Arabia, Peru and Morocco. Of these companies, only Sinovac is holding the third stage in Indonesia.
Aside from CanSino, Sinopharm and Sinovac, Indonesian pharmaceutical company Bio Farma is also a viable source for a vaccine, Indonesian Health Minister Terawan Agus Putranto said.
"Bio Farma is one of 29 [pharmaceutical companies] from 22 countries that obtained the WHO’s Pre-Qualification certificate,” the former army general said of the state-owned corporation.