JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – Energy transition is one of the main topics addressed by the major economies in the Group of Twenty (G20) forum during Indonesia’s presidency this year.
Indonesia has committed to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 29 percent by 2030 and 41 percent with international cooperation amid a global effort to reduce carbon emissions and achieve sustainable development.
To achieve the carbon emission reduction target, the Indonesian government needs strong support from state firms, private companies, and international institutions.
Speaking to Kompas Go recently, Indonesian business leader John Riady said that the country should see the energy transition as a continued priority while tackling the damaging impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic in the last two years.
“We should not forget the existential climate crisis. We all have to be extremely deliberate about setting a target and taking steps to achieve the target,” John, the Group CEO of Lippo Karawaci and Executive Director of Lippo Group, said during the interview.
When asked how the industry sector should implement the development of green energy, he said that companies, including Lippo, have a big role to play in the implementation of their Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) aspects to achieve sustainable development.
Citing an example, his company uses solar panels in a number of Lippo’s assets and retrofits the mechanical, engineering, plumbing, and lighting systems to older buildings for efficient energy use. Besides, the company also implements a water recycling system within their developments, he said.
He said that contribution from all parties to the acceleration of clean energy transition is needed.
“Every country, every company, every individual in our household has to take a small step to contribute to making the world a more sustainable planet.”
Challenges in the energy transition
Many countries, including Indonesia, face multiple challenges in the acceleration of the clean energy transition.
Indonesia’s Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati previously said that the need for electricity continues to increase while the country also needs to reduce carbon dioxide or CO2 levels.
She said a large amount of funds is needed to achieve zero carbon emissions.
“So, how can Indonesia meet the ever-increasing demand for electricity while reducing CO2, that’s the challenge,” Kompas.com quoted Sri Mulyani during a previous Bali meeting titled Road to G20: Sustainable Finance.
The minister went on to say that Indonesia needs at least 3,500 trillion rupiahs ($243 billion) to achieve the emission reduction target in the electricity sector, which is around 450 million tons of CO2 equivalent. The value is certainly huge, considering the state budget is only around 3,000 trillion rupiahs.
“It requires a staggering cost. It takes $243 billion or 3,500 trillion rupiah just for electricity,” she said.
Problems in achieving zero carbon emissions will be brought up during the G20 meeting, which is expected to produce policies that can be used by countries.Dapatkan update berita pilihan dan breaking news setiap hari dari Kompas.com. Mari bergabung di Grup Telegram "Kompas.com News Update", caranya klik link https://t.me/kompascomupdate, kemudian join. Anda harus install aplikasi Telegram terlebih dulu di ponsel.