His turbulent first term ended in his resignation for health reasons, but he returned to power in 2012 and stayed in office until the return of his ulcerative colitis forced the second resignation in 2020.
His hawkish, nationalist views were divisive, particularly his desire to reform the country’s pacifist constitution to recognize the country’s military, and he weathered a series of scandals, including allegations of cronyism.
But he was lauded by others for his economic strategy, dubbed “Abenomics” and his efforts to put Japan firmly on the world stage, including by cultivating close ties with US president Donald Trump.
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