JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – The Indonesian body in charge of attracting foreign direct investments (FDI) has warned against Jakarta's dependence on Chinese capital, saying this can have adverse effects on the national economy.
“If China’s economic growth decreases by 1 percent, then it would have a 0.3 percent impact on Indonesia’s economic growth,” Dahlil said.
Dahlil said the Covid-19 pandemic has given Indonesia the impetus to evaluate itself in the hope of ensuring it is not reliant on other countries.
Indonesia's high level of investment from China is believed to have contributed to the low rate of FDI projects that have materialized in comparison to domestic captial actually invested in projects in the first quarter of 2020.
BKPM’s data shows that the rate of FDI projects that have materialized stood at 46.5 percent or equivalent to Rp 98 trillion in March 2020.
On the other hand, out of contracted domestic direct investment, the rate of projects that materialized stood at 53.5 percent or around Rp 112.7 trillion in the same period.
Dahlil attributed the low rate of realized FDI in part to restricted product shipments from China.
Based on his evaluation, Indonesia must focus on attracting investments from other big economies, such as the United States and Japan.
“Indonesia’s position typically leans towards Chinese dependency though maintaining positive relations with the United States and Japan is equally important,” Dahlil said.
Moreover, BKPM reported that it accomplished Rp 410 trillion of realized investment in June.
The figure is 58 percent of Indonesia’s total investment of Rp 708 trillion.
Dahlil affirmed that BKPM has facilitated various companies including Rosneft that invested Rp 211.9 trillion in Indonesia.
Other companies were Lotte Chemical with Rp 61.2 trillion of investments, Vale with Rp 39.2 trillion of investment, and Hyundai that contributed investments totaling Rp 21.7 trillion.
Obstacles in reaching optimum realized investment in Indonesia came down to three factors, according to Dahlil.
First, the issue with sectoral allocation followed by an overlap between governors, regents, mayors, and the central government.
The third factor is issues on the field which has caused investors to stall their investment into Indonesia.
One example was the FDI from Hyundai that had stalled for three years which, Dahlil said, was only because the company requested a tax holiday.
(Writer: Rully R. Ramli | Editor: Bambang P. Jatmiko, Sakina Rakhma Diah Setiawan)